Circular No. 116/2008/TT-BTC dated December 4, 2008 of the Ministry of Finance guiding customs procedures for goods processed for foreign traders
I. INTERPRETATION OF TERMS
1. Processing raw materials include principal raw materials and auxiliary materials for the creation of a processed product.
2. Principal materials are materials constituting the principal component of a product.
3. Auxiliary materials are raw materials used for the creation of a processed product but not constituting the principal component of the product.
4. Processing supplies are products and semi-finished products used in the process of producing a processed product but not directly constituting the product. Processing supplies include also packages or materials for making packages containing processed product.
5. Processing scraps are discarded or trimmed parts of raw material in the process of processing a raw material or semi-finished product; leased or borrowed machines and equipment used in the processing which are damaged and put out of production or processing.
6. Discarded processed products are products failing to meet technical standards (specifications, size, quality, utility, etc.) agreed upon in the processing contract/its annex and discarded during processing.
7. Processing wastes are raw materials and auxiliary materials discarded during processing and having no utility.
8. Processed product norm agreed in a contract includes:
8.1. Raw material use norm, which is the amount of raw material constituting a processed product unit.
8.3. Consumed supplies norm, which is the amount of supplies consumed in order to produce a processed product unit.
8.3. Raw material and supplies wastage percentage, which is the amount of raw material and supplies wastage (including also wastage in the creation of processing scraps, discarded processing products and processing wastes) calculated in a percentage (%) of raw materials constituting a product (for raw material wastage percentage) or of the amount of supplies consumed during processing (for supplies wastage percentage).
9. Processing machines, equipment and instruments are those included in a technological line to turn out processed products, which are leased or lent by the principal to the processor for the performance of the processing contract.
II. PROCESSING CONTRACTS
1. Form of processing contract
A processing contract must be made in writing or other forms of equivalent validity, including telegraph, telex, fax, data message and other forms prescribed by law.
2. Contents of processing contract
A processing contract must have all details as specified in Article 30 of the Governments Decree No. 12/2006/ND-CP of January 23, 2006.
3. Processing contract annexes
Annexes of a processing contract are an integral part of the processing contract.
3.1. Any modifications, supplements or adjustments to the terms of a processing contract must be expressed in a contract annex, which is to be registered with the customs office before or when the enterprise carries out export or import procedures for the first goods lot subject to that contract annex. Particularly for the value of imported raw materials and supplies for processing, the value indicated on the commercial invoice of the import dossier will be accepted and an adjustment annex is not required.
3.2. A processing contract which is valid for more than one year may be split into different annexes for performance. The period of performance of each annex must not exceed one year. In special cases in which the time of processing a product lasts for more than one year, the processing contract/its annex may be performed for each product (e.g., seagoing ship repair).
III. CUSTOMS CLEARANCE PLACES
1. Customs procedures for processing contracts shall be carried out at a border-gate/outside-border gate customs sub-department under the Customs Department of a province or city where the production establishment (including also re- processing establishment) of the processing contract-performing enterprise is based. An enterprise with many production establishments based in different localities may select a customs sub-department most convenient for customs clearance registration.
If there is no customs office in the locality where its production establishment is located, the enterprise may select a customs sub-department most convenient for customs clearance registration.
2. In case raw materials imported for processing are to be physically inspected at the border gate of importation at the request of a specialized state management agency but their processing contract and import declaration have been registered at an outside-border gate customs sub-department, the customs sub-department of the border gate of importation shall conduct physical inspection at the request of the outside-border gate customs sub-department.
IV. RESPONSIBILITIES OF ENTERPRISES AND CUSTOMS OFFICES
1.1. To accurately and fully comply with regulations on processing contracts. Upon completion or expiration of a processing contract, to liquidate the processing contract and carry out liquidation procedures at the customs office under Article 35 of the Governments Decree No. 12/2006/ND-CP of January 23, 2006.
1.2. To use processing management software for their computer networks connected to the customs office.
1.3. To produce documents on payment of processing charges by the foreign partner to the customs office for liquidation and post-customs clearance inspection upon request.
1.4. When disposing of redundant raw materials and supplies, scraps, discarded products and leased or borrowed machines and equipment guided at Point 6, Clause XII, Section II of this Circular, to proactively declare them to and carry out procedures at the customs office according to regulations.
2. Customs offices:
To apply risk management techniques; to arrange specialized staffs to monitor enterprises in the process of performance of processing contracts; to promote the application of information technology, renovate customs supervision and management to facilitate and strictly manage the importation of raw materials and materials, the exportation of products and the liquidation of processing contracts.
CUSTOMS PROCEDURES FOR GOODS RECEIVED FOR PROCESSING IN VIETNAM FOR FOREIGN TRADERS
I. PROCEDURES FOR PROCESSING CONTRACT REGISTRATION
1. Responsibilities of enterprises:
At least 1 day before carrying out import procedures for the first goods lot under the processing contract, the enterprise shall register the processing contract with the customs office. A registration dossier comprises:
1.1. The processing contract and its annex (if any): To submit 2 originals (1 to be kept by the customs office and 1 to be returned to the enterprise after the contract is registered) and 1 copy of the Vietnamese version (if in a foreign language other than English).
1.2. The business registration certificate or investment license or investment certificate, for foreign-invested enterprises (if carrying out registration procedures for the first time): To submit 1 copy.
1.3. The import and export business code or tax identification number registration certificate (if carrying out registration procedures for the first time): To submit 1 copy.
1.4. The permit of the Ministry of Industry and Trade, for processed goods on the list of imports and exports subject to permits: To submit 1 copy and produce the original.
1.5. The certificate of eligibility for scrap import (in case of import of scraps for use as processing raw materials), issued by the provincial-level Natural Resources and Environment Service of the locality where the enterprises production establishment is based, under Joint Circular No. 02/2007/TTLT-BCT-BTNMT of August 30, 2007, of the Ministry of Industry and Trade and the Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment.
1.6. A document explaining and evidencing its production establishment(s), for enterprises undertaking processing for the first time, specifying the address of the enterprises head office, the address of the production establishment, management and production capacities, products, equipment line and design capacity (even in the case of processing hire); the account number and the name of the bank with which the enterprise deposits its money: To submit 1 original.
For the document explaining and evidencing its production establishment(s), the enterprise only needs to give explanation once and shall make additional explanation only when there are any changes in the explained contents.
From the time of registration to the time of complete liquidation of a processing contract, if there is any change in the legal person status, working office and address of its production establishment, the enterprise shall promptly notify in writing such change to the customs sub-department managing the processing contract.
1.7. The processing hire contract (for the case of hiring the processing of all products): To submit 1 copy and produce the original.
1.8. The document on registration of raw materials and supplies for the processing contract or annex, made according to a set form (applicable only to customs procedures carried out at a customs sub-department applying information technology to managing and liquidating processing contracts): To submit 2 originals.
2. Tasks of customs offices:
2.1. To receive and examine dossiers.
2.2. To make registration for processing contracts.
2.3. To return to enterprises 1 original of the processing contract and original documents already produced.
2.4. To inspect production establishments:
a/ Inspection shall be conducted in the following cases:
When an enterprise registers its processing contract or during production, if the customs office has any doubt about the production establishments address, management capacity, production capacity and matters related to the assurance of the performance of the processing contract, it shall inspect the enterprises production establishment.
b/ Time of inspection:
The customs office may conduct inspection when necessary at the following points of time:
b1. After the enterprise submits a complete dossier of registration of the processing contract to the customs office; or
b2. In the course of production of registered products by the enterprise.
c/ Leaders of the customs sub-department managing the processing contract are competent to decide on the inspection of an enterprises production establishment.
d/ Handling of results of inspection of a production establishment which show that conditions for the processing contract performance are not satisfied:
d1. In case a processing contract is not yet registered: The customs office refuses to make registration for the processing contract.
d2. In case a processing contract has been registered:
d2.1. If the production establishment fails to satisfy all conditions for production according to the prescribed production process, the customs office shall request the enterprise to make a written commitment to redress the problem within a certain period and suspend the clearance of import procedures for subsequent raw material and supplies lots under the processing contract until the enterprise redresses the problem.
d2.2. If there is no establishment production, the customs office shall stop clearing import procedures for raw materials and supplies for the performance of the processing contract and request explanation from the enterprise. Depending on the seriousness of the violation, it shall forward the dossier of the violation to an anti-smuggling or post-customs clearance inspection customs unit for verification, investigation and handling in accordance with law.
II. PROCEDURES FOR REGISTRATION, ADJUSTMENT AND EXAMINATION OF NORMS:
1. Registration of use norms, consumption norms and raw material and supplies wastage percentages (below collectively referred to as norms)
1.1. On the basis of norms agreed upon by the parties in their processing contract under Article 31 of the Governments Decree No. 12/2006/ND-CP of January 23, 2006, the enterprise shall register such norms with the customs office according to a set form. These norms must accord with those actually effected by the enterprise. When the processing contract does not specify a raw material and supplies norm, this norm is regarded as 0%.
1.2. In the course of performing a processing contract, if its actual norms are changed because of changed raw material characteristics, processing conditions or requirements of each export order, the enterprise may adjust the norms applicable to the goods item concerned and already registered with the customs office to suit new actual norms, and shall give written explanations for each adjusted norm. Adjusted norms are not applicable to products already exported.
When adjusting a norm of a goods item, the enterprise is not required to change the code of the goods item indicated in the processing contract. The enterprise and the customs office earning out procedures for the processing contract shall reach agreement on the addition of a secondary code for the goods item concerned in the table of adjusted norms and the export declaration for such goods item.
1.3. The units of calculation used in the table of registered norms must comply with Vietnamese laws and accord with those used in the registered processing contract.
2. Time of registration and adjustment of norms of goods items:
2.1. Time of registration of norms:
Registration of norms should be made at the same time with the registration of the processing contract or registration of the customs declaration for the first imported raw material and supplies lot under the processing contract.
2.2. Time of adjustment of norms: Before carrying out customs procedures for the exported products for which norms need to be adjusted.
3. Norms already registered or adjusted and registered with the customs office shall be used for processing contract liquidation.
4. Examination of norms:
4.1. Norms must be examined in the following cases:
Customs offices have doubts about registered norms of enterprises that perform processing contracts for foreign traders or about those that have been handled for norm-related frauds in the course of processing.
4.2. Methods of norm examination:
a/ Examination at the customs office;
b/ Examination at the enterprises production establishment;
c/ Examination by a specialized assessment organization.
4.3. Time of norm examination:
a/ After the enterprise submits a norm registration dossier to the customs office, or
b/ During the production of products subject to the registered norms; or
c/ After exportation of the first lot of the product subject to the registered norms, or
d/ When the processing contract is liquidated, or
e/ When the post-customs clearance inspection is conducted (if there are grounds for inspection).
4.4. Responsibilities of enterprises in the course of norm examination:
a/ To give detailed explanations about the grounds and methods of elaborating norms of goods items already registered with the customs office, enclosed with product samples and their technical design documents (e.g., cutting diagram for garments);
b/ To produce accounting books and documents to the customs office upon request and create favorable conditions for the customs office to conduct norm examination in a quick and accurate manner;
c/ To comply with the customs offices decisions related to norm examination.
4.5. Tasks of customs officers conducting norm examination:
a/ To conduct examination quickly and strictly according to the prescribed process, without harassing or obstructing the enterprises production;
b/ To make a written record of the results of examination upon completion of examination, which must fully and truthfully reflect the facts of examination, and sign, together with a representative of the examined enterprise, the record.
4.6. Competence to decide on norm examination: Leaders of customs sub-departments managing processing contracts and customs sub-departments conducting post-customs clearance inspection.
III. PROCEDURES FOR IMPORTATION OF PROCESSING RAW MATERIALS AND SUPPLIES
1. For processing raw materials and supplies provided from abroad by the principal:
1.1. The customs procedures for importation of these raw materials and supplies are the same as those for commercial imports guided in the Finance Ministry’s Circular guiding customs procedures; customs inspection and supervision; import and export duties and tax administration with regard to imports and exports (below referred to as the Circular guiding customs procedures), without checking duty calculations.
1.2. For raw materials and supplies purchased by the principal and sent by a third party designated by the principal to the processor, the customs dossier of the imported lot must also contain a document of the principal notifying the processor of the receipt of such goods from the third party.
1.3. For finished products supplied by the principal for attachment to or packaging together with processed products into complete goods for export abroad, the customs procedures for these finished products are the same as those applicable to processing raw materials, provided the following conditions are met:
a/ The name of the finished product and the purpose of its supply, namely for attachment to or packaging together with processed products into complete goods for export abroad, are specified in the processing contract or its annex;
b/ The table of use norms of raw materials for the processed product contains the norm of this finished product.
1.4. Sampling and sample storage:
The taking and storage of samples of raw materials and processed products comply with the guidance in the Circular guiding customs procedures and specific guidance of the General Department of Customs.
2. For processing raw materials and supplies supplied by the principal in the form of on-spot import or export, applicable customs procedures comply with Article 15 of the Governments Decree No. 154/2005/ND-CP of December 15, 2005, and Clause VIII of Section II below.
IV. CUSTOMS PROCEDURES FOR RAW MATERIALS AND SUPPLIES SUPPLIED BY PROCESSORS THEMSELVES FOR PROCESSING CONTRACTS
1. For raw materials and supplies produced or purchased in the Vietnamese market by the processing enterprise:
1.1. Their names, norms, wastage percentages, quantities, unit prices and payment method and schedule must be agreed upon in the processing contractor its annex.
1.2. No customs procedures need to be carried out (except for export processing enterprises).
1.3. Before signing the processing contract, permission of a competent agency must be obtained, for raw materials and supplies supplied by the processing enterprise itself which are on the list of exports subject to permit. Enterprises may not supply raw materials and supplies on the list of goods banned or suspended from export.
1.4. The names and quantities of raw materials and supplies supplied by the processing enterprise itself and already used in the export production must be declared according to a set form upon clearance of export procedures.
2. For raw materials and supplies directly purchased by the enterprise from abroad for processing contracts:
2.1. Their names, norms, wastage percentages, quantities, unit prices and payment method and schedule must be agreed upon in the processing contract or its annex.
2.2. Before signing the processing contract, permission of a competent agency must be obtained, for raw materials and supplies supplied by the processing enterprise itself which are on the list of exports subject to permit. Enterprises may not supply raw materials and supplies on the list of goods banned or suspended from export.
2.3. The import procedures and import duty policy and refund procedures are the same as those applicable to raw materials imported for export production.
2.4. When carrying out export procedures for processed products, the enterprise shall declare in a set form the names and quantities of raw materials used for the production of the processed goods lot for export and the number and date of the import declaration of raw materials for export production.
V. CUSTOMS PROCEDURES FOR IMPORTED MACHINES AND EQUIPMENT FOR THE PERFORMANCE OF PROCESSING CONTRACTS
1. The import of leased or borrowed machines and equipment for the performance of a processing contract mu
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